University of California, BerkeleyGSE Home

how to apply faculty news events
programs courses research administration resources

prospective students
alumni & visitors
current students
faculty & visitors

The CREDE Five Standards for Effective Pedagogy and Learning

The Standards for Effective Pedagogy and Learning were established through CREDE research, and through an extensive analysis of the research and development literature in education and diversity. The Standards represent recommendations on which the literature is in agreement, across all cultural, racial, and linguistic groups in the United States, all age levels, and all subject matters. Thus, they express the principles of effective pedagogy for all students. Even for mainstream students, the Standards describe the ideal conditions for instruction; but for students at-risk of educational failure, effective classroom implementation of the Standards is vital. The research consensus can be expressed as five standards.

Joint Productive Activity

Teacher and Students Producing Together

Language Development

Developing Language and Literacy Across the Curriculum


Making Meaning: Connecting School to Students' Lives

Challenging Activities

Teaching Complex Thinking

Instructional Conversation

Teaching Through Conversation


The Five Standards articulate both philosophical and pragmatic guidelines for effective education. The standards were distilled from findings by educational researchers working with students at risk of educational failure due to cultural, language, racial, geographic, or economic factors.

The Five Standards do not endorse a specific curriculum but, rather, establish principles for best teaching practices. These practices are effective with both majority and minority students in K-16 classrooms across subject matters, curricula, cultures and language groups.

Background on the Five Standards

Five Standards Tools